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      When you  or , blame the . A worldwide problem triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic has metastasized into a years-long disruption of everything electronic. <br>The shortage is leading the tech industry and politicians to try to reverse the United States’ waning importance in the microprocessor business. The US government isn’t happy with how reliant the country’s economy and military have become on Asian high-tech manufacturing. And chipmakers — salivating at government subsidies to underwrite research and new factories and forecasting a widespread increase in chip demand — are investing as never before.<br>
      Robert Rodriguez/CNET
      <br>The chip shortage is also shining a new spotlight on the and how much of it has moved out of the country. Intel, which has slipped to third place behind Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. () and , hopes to take advantage of rising demand and government funding to reclaim its leadership position.<br><br>The biggest change: In January, Intel said it is spending $20 billion on two , near Columbus, Ohio. The new “megafab” site eventually could .<br><br>”We don’t want to create a situation where the United States, which created the semiconductor industry and Silicon Valley, would be completely dependent on other nations for that product,” said Al Thompson, 수원컴퓨터수리 who leads Intel’s US government relatio<br>/p>

      <br>The chip industry’s new course is part of what some call the decoupling, which at least to some degree is pulling the Chinese and US economies apart. No one expects supply chains without links overseas, but the chip shortage response definitely has a nationalist flavor.Asian manufacturers aren’t standing idle as Intel invests in capacity increases. In January, while reporting record revenue for the fourth quarter of 2021, in new chipmaking plants and equipment in 2022 — an enormous amount.”Foundry capacity will be precious for the foreseeable future as demand for semiconductors only grows,” .Here’s what’s going on and what’s at sta<br>/p>What started the chip shortage?In short, the COVID-19 pandemic and a lot of shock waves that traversed the world’s economy. Demand for work-from-home technology like PCs, tablets and webcams soared beyond the semiconductor manufacturing industry’s ability to supply chips — not just the big CPU brains of a laptop but also the host of supporting chips required to produce things like dishwashers, baby monitors and LED light fixtures. The chip shortage soon extended beyond remote work and school needs to home entertainment products like tablets, game consoles, TVs and graphics cards for gaming PCs, all of which people stuck at home were buying in record numbers. Compounding the problem: a fire at Japanese chipmaker , and that knocked more than 70 power plants offline and cut juice to a Samsung chip plant.COVID lockdowns led automakers to put chip orders on hold. Those companies rely disproportionately on cheaper processors that don’t require cutting-edge chipmaking technology. By the time they realized demand was picking up, chip plants had allocated their capacity to other custome<br>/p>

      <br>And that wasn’t all. A has snarled delivery of not just finished goods but also their components and raw materials. Cars and computers require hundreds of electronic components, but just one missing component means a product can’t be sold. For an advanced processor, there’s likely only one company building <br>/p>How long will the chip shortage last?It probably won’t get any worse, but it’ll likely last for several more months. Chipmakers have worked to squeeze as much new capacity as they can out of their fabrication facilities, or “fabs,” but it takes years to build new fabs and ramp up producti<br>/p>

      <br>Intel Chief Executive Pat Gelsinger told CNET that he thinks we’re almost through the worst of the chip shortage, 수원컴퓨터수리 which will last through the second half of 2021. He predicts it’ll gradually ease through 2022 and fade in 202<br>/p>Mismatches in chip supply and demand have been common for decades, but not like this. “We’ve always gone through cycles. This time it’s different,” AMD CEO Lisa Su said in September at the . She, too, , , , and mor<br>/p>Worst hit is the auto industry. Cars are now studded with computer chips that control everything from infotainment systems to antilock brakes, and the car-making industry has relied heavily on “just-in-time” purchasing that cuts costs but means there’s no big inventory of parts to buffer against shortages. The situation has , according to a study by AlixPartners, and .<br>/p>The shortage forced , including , , , Nissan, and Stellantis (formerly Fiat Chrysler). Some carmakers have shipped , leaving customers without touchscreens i and . The  and Valve’s <br>o.

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